Accelerator Seminar: Jonathan Angle
- Accelerator Seminar: Jonathan Anglehttps://jlab-org.zoomgov.com/j/16121109706?pwd=dUhFdHVDdkY1SGYzMldneVpkYVJTQT09Remote2022-02-10EST11:00:00 ~ 2022-02-10EST12:00:0016491
Speaker: Jonathan Angle
Title: Trace Level Impurity Quantitation for Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) Analysis of Niobium Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) Materials
Abstract: Over the last decade, the interstitial alloying of niobium has proven to be essential for enabling superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cavities to operate more efficiently at high accelerating gradients. The discovery of “nitrogen doping” was the first readily accessible avenue of interstitial alloying in which researchers saw an increase in cavity performance. However, the serendipitous nature of the discovery led to additional research to fundamentally understand the physics behind the increase in cavity performance. This gap is bridged by materials characterization. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) is a characterization technique which has become a staple of SRF cavity characterization that details elemental concentration profiles as a function of depth into the niobium surface with submicron resolution.
SIMS has been widely used by the semiconductor industry for decades but has found less applications in other fields due to the difficulty to produce reproducible data for polycrystalline materials. Much effort has been given to reduce the uncertainty of SIMS results to as low as 1% - 2% for single crystals. However, less attention has been given to polycrystalline materials with uncertainty values reported between 40% - 50% The sources of uncertainty were found to be deterministic in nature and therefore could be mitigated to produce reliable results. This presentation demonstrates the efforts to reduce SIMS method uncertainty which has been further used to solve mysteries regarding the characterization of SRF cavities which include predictive modeling of oxygen diffusion as well as the identification of contaminants resulting from cavity furnace treatments.