TITLE:

ES&H Manual

 

DOCUMENT ID:

6131 Fall Protection Systems

 

 

1.0          Purpose

 

This document describes fall protection systems used at Jefferson Lab, as detailed in ESH Manual Chapter 6131 Appendix T1 Passive Fall Protection Systems and ESH Manual Chapter 6131 Appendix T2 Active Fall Protection Systems. Fall protection options applicable only to low-slope roofs are detailed in ESH Manual Chapter 6131 Appendix T3 Fall Protection for Work on Low Slope Roofs.  Instructions on the completion of a temporary work permit for use of active fall protection systems are provided in ESH Manual Chapter 6131 Appendix T4 Fall Protection Permit – Instructions.

This program satisfies all applicable Federal, state, and local requirements as outlined in ESH Manual Chapter 2410 Appendix T1 Hazard Issues List.

2.0          Scope

Jefferson Lab requires fall protection if personnel may fall 4 ft. or more to a lower level, or come into contact with dangerous equipment regardless of fall distance. Fall protection includes both passive and active systems, and for low-slope roofs only, the potential use of administrative controls.

 

This document is not applicable to the following:

·       Inspections, including investigations and assessments of jobsites performed prior to the start of work or after all work is complete.

 

NOTE: If fall protection systems are installed and available, personnel must use them during performance of these inspections.

·       Subcontractor service and construction activities.

·       Portable ladders and scaffolds (see ESH Manual Chapter 6132 Ladder and Scaffold Safety).

·       Use of active fall protection on aerial and scissors lifts (see ESH Manual Chapter 6147 Material Handling Equipment - Aerial Work Platforms).

3.0          Training

3.1           Required Safety Training for Personnel Utilizing Active Fall Protection Systems

Training Course

When Required

Personal Fall Protection*

SAF 202

Prior to Initial Use

Harness Fitting**

 (Certification)

SAF 202A

Prior to Initial Use

Site-Specific Training*

SAF 202B

Prior to Initial Use & Every 3 Years Thereafter

*Online training course

**Conducted by Material Handling Manager (MHM)

3.2           Additional training is required for fall protection performed in accordance with work control documents.

4.0          Responsibilities

NOTE:           Management authority may be delegated to a task qualified Jefferson Lab employee at the discretion of the responsible manager.

4.1           Employees Using Fall Protection Systems

·       Maintain current training, applicable to use of active fall protection systems, and work control documents.

·       Collect active fall protection system components from the Material Handling Manager (MHM).

·       Conduct a pre-use inspection of active fall protection system equipment.

·       Wear the appropriate active fall protection equipment for the job.  

·       Do not use equipment that fails a pre-use inspection or is past due for a formal inspection. Remove from service and notify supervision.

·       Transfer active fall protection system component that fails a pre-use inspection, is past due for a formal inspection, or has arrested a fall to the MHM.

·       Review, sign, and abide by hazard mitigation methods outlined in work control documents.

·       When establishing a designated area for fall protection atop a low-slope roof, erect warning lines prior to commencing work and work within the designated area.

4.2           Supervision

·       Ensure that work control documents are completed and approved prior to start of work, and workers have been trained.

·       Ensure walking/working surfaces can support maximum loads.

·       Ensure anchorages for active fall protection systems have been evaluated and approved by a qualified person.

·       Ensure that proper fall protection is being employed by workers.

·       Ensure all active fall protection system components are available for formal inspection by the MHM.

·       Ensure active fall protection equipment is stored appropriately to prevent damage from operations, the environment, or other work activity.

·       When used atop low-slope roofs, ensure warning lines meet strength and location criteria.

 

4.3           Material Handling Manager (MHM)

·       Conduct formal inspections of all active fall protection system components annually or in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations, whichever is more frequent.

·       Purchase and issue active fall protection system equipment.

·       Maintain inspection records of active fall protection system components.

·       Dispose of defective or otherwise unusable active fall protection system components.

·       Conduct harness fitting for affected personnel and certify individuals have demonstrated proper donning/doffing of active fall protection system gear.

·       Approve use of crane hooks as anchor points.

4.4           ESH Fall Protection Subject Matter Expert (SME):

·       Establish and maintain training programs for active fall protection systems.

·       Conduct pre-work walk-downs of jobsite prior to approval of work control documents.

·       Provide oversight on the implementation of fall protection systems.

·       Approve use of crane hooks as anchor points.

4.5           Training/Human Resources

·       Maintain employee training and certification records.

4.6           Anyone at Jefferson Lab

·       If the integrity or load-bearing capacity of a walking/working surface is questioned, suspend work activity, secure the area, and notify supervision.

·       If the integrity of fall protection systems is questioned, or observed to be deficient, suspend work activity, secure the area, and notify supervision.

5.0          Technical Appendices

5.1           Passive Fall Protection

Passive fall protection systems involve physical isolation of the employee from the fall hazard, and do not require the wearing or use of personal fall protection equipment. Passive fall protection systems are preferred whenever possible. ESH Manual Chapter 6131 Appendix T1 Passive Fall Protection Systems describes the types of passive fall protection systems used at Jefferson Lab. 

5.2           Active Fall Protection

Active fall protection systems require workers to wear or use fall protection equipment. ESH Manual Chapter 6131 Appendix T2 Active Fall Protection Systems describes the types, components, inspections, care and maintenance of active fall protection systems used at Jefferson Lab.  A work control document is required to govern use of active fall protection systems.  An acceptable work control document is one of the following:

·       Operational Safety Procedure (OSP)

·       Temporary Operational Safety Procedure (TOSP)

·       Fall Protection Permit

 

5.3           Work on Low Slope Roofs

Depending upon the distance between the worker and nearest unprotected edge, fall protection options exist that are applicable only to work atop low-slope roofs. ESH Manual Chapter 6131 Appendix T3 Fall Protection for Work on Low Slope Roofs describes these options.

 

5.4           Fall Protection Permit – Instructions

Unless use of active fall protection systems is performed in accordance with an approved OSP or TOSP, a Fall Protection Permit is required.  Instructions on how to complete the permit is provided in ESH Manual Chapter 6131 Appendix T4 Fall Protection Permit – Instructions.

 

6.0          References

Code of Federal Regulations:

29 CFR 1910 Subpart D, Walking-Working Surfaces

29 CFR 1910 Subpart I, Personal Protective Equipment

7.0          Revision Summary

Revision 4.0 – 04/28/2020 – Update to manual chapter to include permit, permit instructions and qualified persons.

Revision 3.0 – 06/13/18 – Periodic Review; updated to ensure alignment with 10CFR851 and 29CFR1910, Subparts D&I per CATS#PMG-2017-01-01

Revision 2.0 – 11/30/15 – Periodic Review; procedure updated to address action plans resulting from self-assessment.

Revision 1.5 – 03/18/15 – Technical POC updated from B.Manzlak to G.Perry per B.Rainey

Revision 1.4 – 10/27/14 – Technical POC updated from N.Walker to current SME B.Manzlak

Revision 1.3 – 05/20/14 – Added Required Safety Training Table    

Revision 1.2 – 12/04/12 – Qualifying Periodic Review; no substantive changes required.

Revision 1.1 – 10/18/12 – Clarification to content format

Revision 1.0 – 12/23/09 – Trip and slip is no longer part of this chapter