ES&H Manual



6131 Appendix T1

Passive[1] Fall Protection Systems



1.0            Purpose


Passive fall protection systems do not require any action by the worker and are preferred whenever possible. This document describes the types and use of passive fall protection systems at Jefferson Lab.


2.0            Scope


Passive fall protection (prevention) systems are physical barriers that restrict workers from entering a fall hazard zone/area. These systems include guardrails, safety nets, hole protection, and safety monitoring.


This appendix is written in coordination with to ES&H Manual Chapter 6131 Fall Protection Systems.


3.0            Responsibilities

NOTE: Management authority may be delegated at the discretion of the responsible manager.


3.1              Anyone at Jefferson Lab

·         Inspect fall protection systems, prior to use. Submit a Facilities Management Work Request for repair or maintenance requirements.


4.0            Types of Passive Fall Protection


4.1              Guardrail Systems


Elevated (4-feet or higher) surfaces and floor/wall openings are protected by guardrail systems. They are installed to prevent entry into hazard areas created by uneven floors, wall holes, ramps, runways, and stairs.


See ES&H Manual Chapter 3110 ES&H Assessments of New Facility Plans for guidance on installing guardrail systems.


4.2              Safety Net Systems


Safety nets systems absorb the impact of a falling person or object, prevent/minimize injury, and prevent contact with surfaces or structures below. These systems are only installed with the approval of the Material Handling Equipment Representative (MHER).


Safety nets are inspected by the MHER

·         Weekly for wear, damage, and signs of deterioration, and

·         after any occurrence that could affect their integrity.


4.3              Hole Protection


Covers are used for holes when not in use. Covers are marked with orange or yellow “HOLE” or “COVER.” During work, holes are guarded by someone or have a removable railing erected on the exposed side(s).


Chains or removable guardrails are used at holes used for hoisting or as passageways.


See ES&H Manual Chapter 3110 ES&H Assessments of New Facility Plans for guidance with an existing or planned hole that requires a cover.


4.4              Safety Monitoring


Safety monitoring is where one worker watches the unprotected edge and warns others if they get too close. It is allowed for work within 6-feet of an unprotected edge where passive fall protection cannot be installed.


Following are the minimum requirements for Safety Monitoring:

·         A safety monitor is assigned to each person working in the area.

·         A person specifically designated to serve as the safety monitor.

·         The safety monitor has no other responsibilities.

·         The safety monitor is on the same level and within sight of the worker(s) being monitored.

·         The safety monitor is close enough to the worker(s) to communicate verbally, at a conversation level.

·         The assigned person wears a vest, or other similar attire, identifying them as the safety monitor.


5.0            Revision Summary


Revision 1.3 – 03/18/15 – Technical POC updated from B.Manzlak to G.Perry per B.Rainey

Revision 1.2 – 10/27/14 – Technical POC updated from N.Walker to current SME B.Manzlak

Revision 1.1 – 12/04/12 – Qualifying periodic review; No substantive changes required

Revision 1.0 – 12/23/09 – Content updated to reflect current laboratory operations











ESH&Q Division

George Perry





This document is controlled as an on line file.  It may be printed but the print copy is not a controlled document.  It is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the document is the same revision as the current on line file.  This copy was printed on 3/19/2015.

[1] Fall protection systems that do not require any action by the worker