ES&H Manual



6141 Material Handling Equipment –

Rigging, Cranes, and Hoists



1.0            Purpose


This document defines Jefferson Lab’s training, procurement, inspection, and maintenance requirements for rigging, cranes, and hoists used on its behalf. These requirements are in addition to those outlined in ES&H Manual Chapter 6140 Material Handling Equipment Program.


Jefferson Lab bases these requirements on the requirements contained in the following documents:

·         DOE-STD-1090-2011: Hoisting and Rigging Standard (Formerly Hoisting and Rigging Manual)

·         Standards contained in the ES&H Manual Chapter 2410 Appendix T1 Hazard Issues List.


2.0            Scope


This chapter and its appendices apply to the operation and use of overhead and mobile cranes, hoists, and rigging hardware operated on behalf of Jefferson Lab by employees or subcontractors. 




Work involving the use of mobile cranes often includes a forklift and forklift attachment(s). Refer to ES&H Manual Chapter 6145 Material Handling – Forklifts and Attachments for requirements relating to this equipment.


The movement of hazardous waste using a crane and/or hoist must be accomplished under the supervision of the Jefferson Lab Hazardous Waste Coordinator (HWC).


Table 1: Required Material Handling Training by Job Classification

Training Course

Wire Rope Inspector

Crane Operator

Master Rigger

Wire Rope Inspection Training





Overhead Crane Operator Qualification





ITI Master Rigger





Medical Monitoring for Hazardous Work





* Per ES&H Manual Chapter  6800 Appendix T1 Medical Monitoring


3.0            Responsibilities

NOTE:           Management authority may be delegated to a task qualified Jefferson Lab employee at the discretion of the responsible manager.


3.1              Material Handling Manager (MHM)

·         Authorizes repairs and maintenance requirements for cranes and hoists.

·         Oversees annual inspection of hoisting equipment and operator training for overhead cranes and hoists.


3.2              Supervisor/Subcontracting Officer’s Technical Representative (SOTR):

·         Act as the “Appointed Person” for lifts.

·         Use DOE-STD 1090-2011: Hoisting and Rigging Standard to determine lift category (use information contained in Chapter 2, CRITICAL LIFTS, Section 2.1 Critical-Lift Determination).


3.2.1        SOTR also:

·         Directs the subcontractor to submit a Material Handling Lift Plan several days before a planned crane or other lift by a machine involving a suspended load. Ensure the equipment operator and rigger qualifications are included in the Lift Plan. Refer to ES&H Manual Chapter 6141 Appendix T4 Hoisting and Rigging Operations (Including Planning a Lift)  for Lift Planning.

·         Monitors the performance of subcontractor’s crane/hoist operations and notifies MHM of any concerns.


3.3              Qualified Crane and Hoist Operators — includes anyone approved to use a crane, hoist, or associated equipment for the benefit of Jefferson Lab.

·         Complete classroom and practical training (SAF403 Overhead Crane Operator Certification or equivalent as determined by the MHM).

·         Perform inspection of crane/hoist before use in accordance with ES&H Manual Chapter 6141 Appendix T1 Inspection Procedures – Rigging, Cranes, and Hoists.


3.4              Occupational Medicine

·         Evaluate potential operators to ensure they are physical and visual fit to safely operate cranes and hoists. Refer to ES&H Manual 6800 Appendix T1 Medical Monitoring.


4.0            Expectations


4.1              Training Requirements

Qualified crane/hoist operators at Jefferson Lab are approved by their supervisor/SOTR and trained and/or approved by the MHM in the proper equipment type and operation. ES&H Manual Chapter 6141 Appendix T1 Training Requirements – Overhead Crane/Hoist Operators and Rigging  provides the training requirements of Jefferson Lab in order to be considered a qualified crane operator.


4.2              Procurement Requirements

Requirements for the purchase or lease of overhead and mobile cranes, hoists, rigging, contracted equipment, and associated subcontracted services, over and above those for material handling equipment, are provided in ES&H Manual Chapter 6141 Appendix T2 Procurement Requirements Related to Overhead & Mobile Cranes, Hoists, and Rigging. 


4.3              Inspection Requirements

Jefferson Lab requires routine inspection and regular maintenance of overhead cranes, hoists and rigging used on its behalf.  ES&H Manual Chapter 6141 Appendix T3 Inspection Procedures – Overhead & Mobile Cranes, Hoists, and Rigging provides procedures for this requirement. It is based on Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers national standards. Use Jefferson Lab’s Wire Rope Inspection Report Form to record the findings of the wire rope inspections.


4.4              Hoisting and Rigging Operations

Overhead or mobile cranes operations at Jefferson Lab are accomplished in accordance with DOE-STD-1090-2011; Hoisting and Rigging Standard. A Material Handling Lift Plan must be completed for each crane lift using a mobile crane and for any suspended load lift by other machines. A Lift Plan is also required for any critical lifts using an overhead crane or forklift. A Lift Plan should be used for non-routine lifts using overhead cranes, or incorporated into a Temporary Operational Safety Procedure. ES&H Manual Chapter 6141 Appendix T4 Hoisting and Rigging Operations (Including Planning a Lift) provides the process steps to be performed to ensure safe operations of this equipment. See Jefferson Lab Lift Plan Form for the approved lift planning process form.


NOTE: A lift plan is required whenever a forklift is used to suspend a load under the “Forks”


4.5              Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices

At Jefferson Lab below-the-hook lifting devices (BTHLD) are designed, built, and purchased to perform specific functions. ES&H Manual Chapter 6141 Appendix T6 Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices outlines the requirements for the design, production, use, and modification of these devices.


5.0            References


·        29 CFR 1910.179 Overhead and Gantry Cranes

·        29 CFR 1910.180 Crawler, Locomotives and Truck Cranes

·        29 CFR 1910.184 Slings

·        29 CFR 1926.251 Rigging Equipment for Material Handling

·        29 CFR 1926 Subpart CC

·        ASME B30.5-2007 Mobile Crane Operations Responsibilities

·        DOE Standard 1090-2007: Hoisting and Rigging Standard

6.0            Revision Summary


Revision 1.6 – 01/24/18 – Updated TPOC from B.Sperlazza to M.Loewus

Revision 1.5 – 02/09/17 – Updated TPOC from D.Kausch to B.Sperlazza per B.Sperlazza

Revision 1.4 – 12/17/15 – Eliminated two positions previously identified as the MHSR and the MHER, the responsibilities of these positions are now performed by the MHM; revised 3.2.1 to clearly state the intent of the previous poorly worded paragraph; added the requirement to use a Lift Plan for any load suspended by a machine other than a crane.

Revision 1.3 – 12/04/14 – Periodic Review; minor edits; no substantive changes   

Revision 1.2 – 05/20/14 – Added Required Safety Training Table

Revision 1.1 – 03/22/12 – Update to format and web links only

Revision 1.0 – 04/12/10 – Updated to reflect current laboratory operations











ESH&Q Division

Mark Loewus





This document is controlled as an on line file.  It may be printed but the print copy is not a controlled document.  It is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the document is the same revision as the current on line file.  This copy was printed on 2/19/2018.