ES&H Manual



8061 Hazardous Waste Management



1.0            Introduction


Hazardous waste poses a substantial danger, now or in the future, to human, plant, or animal life.Hazardous wastes must be handled, stored, transported, and disposed of using special precautions.Jefferson Lab is responsible for its hazardous wastes from generation to final disposal and beyond.


Directions on hazardous waste labeling, accumulation, preparation for off-site shipment, and final disposal are found in ES&H Manual Chapter 6660 Hazardous Material Transport.


All hazardous wastes generated at Jefferson Lab are gathered and disposed of through several Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAAs) and one Central Accumulation Area (CAA).


2.0            Key Roles


Responsibilities specific to the Hazardous Waste Management program are outlined in EP Supplement EPS-61 Hazardous Waste Management of the Environmental Protection Supplement.


2.1              Everyone at Jefferson Lab

         Call attention to environmentally unsound activities such as improperly stored, labeled, or leaking containers.


2.2              Hazardous Waste Generators

2.2.1        General

         Reduce hazardous waste generation by recycling, use elsewhere on-site, reducing quantities used, or using less or non-hazardous substitutes.

         Identify and characterize your hazardous waste stream(s)

         Avoid mixing wastes unless you know that mixing has no adverse effects.Contact the Hazardous Waste Coordinator (HWC) (ext. 7882) for assistance.

         Contact and work with the HWC when preparing for any new waste streams at the Lab.


2.2.2        Manage and maintain the SAA

         Prior to generation, work with the Hazardous Waste Technician (HWT), who will provide a container and guidance on maximum container fill level.Ensure containers are properly labeled.

         Prepare, with assistance from the HWT, the generation/SAA work site and add all required and appropriate signs and emergency contact lists.

         Keep a fully stocked spill kit readily available.

         Perform weekly inspections.


2.3              Hazardous Waste Technician (HWT)

         Provide prospective generators with appropriate containers and establish container maximum fill levels that include buffer space for particular wastes (marked on container).

         Provide each generator with SAA sign and container labels and assist with labeling and fill date information.

         Perform monthly inspections of SAA and CAA areas and provide waste quantities and generation rates to Jefferson Lab Environmental Engineer (JLEnE).Report exceedances of generation rates immediately.


2.4              Hazardous Waste Coordinator (HWC)

         Perform cradle-to-grave hazardous waste management for all Jefferson Lab activities.

         Serve as the emergency coordinator.

         Provide waste stream identification and characterization support to generators as requested.

         Assist training manager in identifying training requirements.


2.5              Jefferson Lab Environmental Engineer

         Work with the HWC to review federal, state, and local regulatory requirements including training.

         Manage records and reporting associated with the hazardous waste program including manifests and inspection records.

         Monitor the site hazardous waste program.


2.6              ESH&Q Division Health & Safety Department Head

         Ensure that the CAA and all hazardous wastes passing through it are managed in accordance with this chapter.

         Establish interface requirements between SAAs and the CAA by coordinating with other Division Safety Officers.

         Appoint and supervise the HWC and the HWT.


2.7              Division Safety Officers

         Inform division staff of the role of the HWC and CAA.

         Maintain a file of internal hazardous waste activities in your division as provided by the HWC.


2.8              Associate Directors

         Allocate resources to ensure that hazardous wastes are handled and disposed of appropriately.

         Support the minimization of waste streams.


3.0            Program Summary


The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) established a program to protect people and the environment from adverse impacts resulting from improper handling and disposal of waste.RCRA also encourages hazardous waste generators to practice waste minimization and pollution prevention.The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) further established requirements governing the management of hazardous wastes and delegated the responsibility of implementation to some states, including Virginia.


Jefferson Lab generates a variety of hazardous wastes, including acids, etchants, and solvents.The Labís hazardous waste staff works with generators to minimize waste generation.


This program is designed to ensure safe handling, transport, and disposal of hazardous waste.Jefferson Lab complies with all federal and state regulations in its role as a Small Quantity Generator (SQG).


As a SQG, up to 1000 kilograms (kg) of hazardous waste and up to 1 kg of acutely hazardous waste can be generated per month, with a maximum of 6000 kg permissible on-site at any time.Under RCRA guidelines, hazardous waste staff ensures that wastes generated are disposed of in the most acceptable manner.



The emergency coordinator is responsible for minimizing any possibility of fire, explosion, any unplanned releases of hazardous waste constituents to air, soil, or surface water which could threaten human health or the environment.At least one designated staff member should be on the premises or on call at all times and able to respond quickly.


Specific regulatory information as well as the site program and procedures are covered in EP Supplement EPS-61 Hazardous Waste Management.











ESH&Q Division

Bill Rainey





This document is controlled as an on line file.It may be printed but the print copy is not a controlled document.It is the userís responsibility to ensure that the document is the same revision as the current on line file.This copy was printed on 6/4/2013.