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ES&H Manual
Chapter 6680 Lead Program

Jefferson Lab has determined that working with lead carries an unmitigated Risk Code >2. At a minimum all tasks requiring lead are discussed with the supervisor prior to commencement of work. An Operational Safety Procedure (OSP) is written for work considered to be Risk Code >2 in accordance with ES&H Manual Chapter 3210 Work Planning, Control, and Authorization Process.

Lead is considered to be a chemical. It is therefore subject to the requirements stated in ES&H Manual Chapter 6610 Chemical Hygiene Program and its associated appendices. This document, and its associated appendices, defines Jefferson Lab's additional requirements related to lead.

The use of less harmful materials is the preferred method to mitigate the hazards associated with lead. However, when lead must be used the responsibilities and procedures included within this program are followed.

This program satisfies applicable federal, state, and local requirements as outlined in ES&H Manual Chapter 2410 Appendix T1 Hazard Issues List.

The specific situations where lead exposure is a concern includes:
  • Lead used during soldering and machining operations.
  • Movement of portable radiation shielding (i.e. bricks, sheeting, and shot bags).
  • Lead oxidation (whitish discoloration on the lead's surface).
  • Equipment containing lead shielding.
Welding of lead is not authorized at Jefferson Lab and is not included within this program.

Table 1: Required Lead Safety Training by Job Classification

Training Course Qualified Lead Worker
Lead Worker Training
Medical Monitoring for Hazardous Work
* Per ES&H Manual Chapter 6800 Appendix T1 Medical Monitoring


T1 Lead Work Requirements
ES&H Manual Chapter 6680 Appendix T1 Lead Work Requirements provides Jefferson Lab's minimum requirements when working with lead including: pre-work planning and actual work activities (i.e.: movement of lead bricks, machining, soldering, welding, and lead based paint abatement).
T2 Lead Handling Personal Protective Equipment and Other Related Personal Protective Measures
ES&H Manual Chapter 6680 Appendix T2 Lead Handling Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Other Related Personal Protective Measures provides information regarding the minimum PPE and associated control measures to be utilized during lead work activities. Information includes how to:
  • Determine the appropriate protective measures, and
  • Obtain it.
T3 Lead Use and Storage Areas - Including Posting Requirements
Jefferson Lab recognizes that an area where lead, and its associated apparatus, is used and stored is considered a hazard issue. ES&H Manual Chapter 6680 Appendix T3 Lead Use and Storage Areas including and Posting Requirements defines Jefferson Lab's minimum lead work and storage area requirements, including posting requirements.
T4 Lead Clean-up, Disposal, and Recycle Procedures
ES&H Manual Chapter 6680 Appendix T4 Lead Clean-Up, Disposal, and Recycle Procedures describes the accepted method for lead clean-up; and associated disposal or recycle methods. Jefferson Lab only authorizes the following clean-up activities:
  • Surface Wipe Down: tools, equipment, floors, soldering or other surface cleaning.
  • Vacuuming: Use "Lead-only" HEPA vacuum obtained from Industrial Hygiene.
T5 Procurement Requirements Related to Lead
Procurement of material or equipment containing lead follow the procedure provided in ES&H Manual Chapter 6610 Appendix T2 Chemical Requisitioning and Receiving.

Procurement of subcontracted services involving lead following:


Management authority may be delegated at the discretion of the responsible manager.

Qualified Lead Worker
Supervisors/Technical Representative (TR)/Sponsor
  • Use a less toxic substance whenever practical (i.e. kirksite bricks instead of lead).
  • Assign only Qualified Lead Workers to lead work.
  • Ensure appropriate PPE is available and used during lead handling operations.
  • Ensure appropriate clean-up procedures are incorporated into work plan and performed to prevent lead from becoming airborne.
  SOTRs Also
  • Abide by the requirements of ES&H Manual Chapter 3420 ES&H Aspects of Procurements
  • Accurately describe the nature of the lead work and any useful information to aid the subcontractor in protecting his or her employees and everyone at Jefferson Lab.
  • Required an activity hazard analysis that describes the plan for ensuring safety and health during the job. This may include special work methods for lead and any industrial hygiene and/or medical monitoring required by law.
  • Make specific reference to the OSHA lead standards for construction (1926.62) and/or general industry (1910.1025) (as appropriate) within the project specifications for lead-related work (other than lead abatement).
  • Include requirements to ensure good job-site housekeeping and lead-dust control measures.
Industrial Hygiene
  • Perform lead work, equipment, and area hazard evaluation and determine required mitigation including postings.
  • Provide regulatory compliant clean-up training, supplies and equipment (e.g.: bags, vacuums, labels).

Document Control:
    TECHNICAL POINT-OF-CONTACT:  Jennifer Williams
    APPROVAL DATE:  06/08/20
    REVIEW DATE:  06/08/23
    • Revision 1.3 - 06/08/20 - Periodic Review; no significant changes made.
    • Revision 1.2 - 06/22/17 - Updated Qualified Lead Worker responsibilities per TPOC.
    • Periodic Review - 05/21/15 - No changes per TPOC.
    • Revision 1.1 - 05/20/14 - Added Required Safety Training Table.
    • Revision 1.0 - 02/02/12  Updated to reflect current laboratory operations.
    • Revision 0.1 - 08/19/11  Added "lead-based paint" to abatement work.

This document is controlled as an on-line file. It may be printed but the print copy is not a controlled document. It is the user's responsibility to ensure that the document is the same revision as the current on line file. .