Finding Aid to the Franz Gross Papers

Franz GrossFranz GrossFranz Gross and J.P. Chen

(left) Franz Gross dated December 1, 1984. (credit: CEBAF)
(center) JLAB Staff photo of Franz Gross. (credit: Jefferson Lab)
(right) Hall A Staff Scientist J.P. Chen and Theory Center Principal Staff Scientist Franz Gross discuss the projected precision of upcoming measurements of the spin structure functions of protons and neutrons. (credit: Jefferson Lab)

Table of Contents

Repository: Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
  Jefferson Lab Archives 
  12000 Jefferson Ave., Room L203A
  Newport News, VA 23606
  Phone: (757) 269-7805
  Fax: (757) 269-5427
Creator: Franz Gross
Title: The Franz Gross Papers
Dates: 1978-1986
Size: Analog: 3 Hollinger boxes; 1.25 linear feet
Digital: 6 files; 6 megabytes
Materials in collection: Correspondence, drafts, printed material
Abstract: Franz Gross, one of the founding members of CEBAF, is a College of William & Mary professor of physics, emeritus in theoretical physics and particle physics. He advocated for the 4 GeV - as opposed to the 2 GeV - accelerator and was fundamental in securing Jefferson Lab's status as an international site for particle science.
Identification number: JLS.001
Location: Jefferson Lab Archives Room.
Language: English

Biographical Note

Born 9 August 1937 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Franz Gross earned his Bachelor's in 1958 at Swarthmore College (Pennsylvania). In 1963, he earned his Doctorate from Princeton University (New Jersey). Between 1966 and 1969, Dr. Gross taught at Cornell University (New York), relocating to the College of William & Mary in 1970 where he worked as a theorist and was brought in to work on NEAL (the initial naming of the facility that would become CEBAF) - of which he is considered a founding member - as well as to act as the scientific lead on the project. Dr. Gross understood the need for a higher GeV than was proposed at 2, and promoted a 4 GeV accelerator.

Dr. Gross was the acting Associate Director for Research of CEBAF and from there, moved to Senior Staff Scientist, then Principal Staff Scientist. He also acted as the Interim Theory Group Leader. Dr. Goss is also Jefferson Science Associates Scientist Emeritus.

Dr. Gross is presently enjoying his retirement.

Scope and Content

This collection pertains to the time Dr. Franz Gross spent developing and promoting the science for CEBAF (the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility), as well as notes and correspondences for committees he was a part of during his tenure with Jefferson Lab. As a part of the Jefferson Lab History Project, Dr. Gross was interviewed and also has oral histories pertaining to his time at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.



The physical collection is divided into six series. Within the Miscellany series, blue acid-free papers are used to delineate sections within the folder. The researcher is responsible for making sure the collection is kept in the appropriate order when using the collection.

Series I: Presentations. These are hard copies of presentations given by Dr. Gross pertaining to the development of CEBAF and the implementations theories of what might happen within the accelerator's science. These are organized in the order of original accession.

Series II: NSAC. This series covers information regarding the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee and the subcommittee that addresses particle physics research.

Series III: C.A.C. The CEBAF Advisory Committee's agenda as well as Dr. Gross's notes regarding meetings attended are within the series. Also included are recommendations for scientists and curricula vitae for potential leaders.

Series IV: NEAL/SREL. The National Electron Accelerator Laboratory and the Space Radiation Effect Laboratory. This series is comprised of reports on the site and other considerations related to NEAL and SREL.

Series V: Proposals. The various proposals of differing institutions and the notes taken by Dr. Gross regarding the proposals, as well as correspondences, are within this collection.

Series VI: Miscellany. With both physical and digital facets, this series encompasses conferences, notes and other data are in this series included, but not limited to, information on SURA as well as The College of William & Mary and the transitions within.



Access Restrictions

  • The collection may be used solely for noncommercial, educational, and research purposes. Please contact if you would like to use the collection.

Use Restrictions

  • Jefferson Lab is providing access to the materials in the Archives collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of Jefferson Lab, is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Archivist. In addition to consent from Jefferson Lab, permission of the copyright owner (if not Jefferson Lab) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distribution, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. Jefferson Lab makes no warranty or guarantee as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.


Controlled Access Term

CEBAF, Construction
CEBAF, History (Collection # JL.004)
College of William & Mary (W&M)
Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF)
Department of Energy (DOE)
Grunder, Hermann A. (Collection # JL.002-1)
Jefferson Lab (U.S.)
Oral Histories Project
Southeastern University Research Association (SURA)
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (U.S.)
University of Virginia (UVa)


Administration Information

Preferred Citation: 
[Identification of Item, Box [insert number], Folder [insert number and title], The Franz Gross Papers, Jefferson Lab Archives, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, 12000 Jefferson Ave., Room L203A, Newport News, VA, 23606

Acquisition Information:
This collection was acquired from various sources including the Director's Office, Publications Office, and Library.

Processing History:
This collection was processed by Melissa Erlandson in February, 2016.

This collection was supported in part by a grant from the History Programs, American Institute of Physics.


Box and Container Listing 
Series I: Presentations
Box 1
  • Folder 1: 2 GeV Plans, MAINZ - 7 January 1981
  • Folder 2: MD talks - 19 April 1982
  • Folder 3: Warner talk - 12 June 1982
  • Folder 4: South Carolina talk - 14 October 1982
  • Folder 5: VPI Colloquium (also, Rutgers and Brown Universities) - 26 January 1984
  • Folder 6: Wash talk - 23 April 1984
  • Folder 7: Briefing - 1 September 1983
  • Folder 8: Maryland - 13 September 1985
  • Folder 9: CEBAF Scientific Programs - 1984
  • Folder 10: Keyworth - 17 September 1984
  • Folder 11: Southeastern Trip - 8 February 1985
  • Folder 12: Keyworth meeting - 13 June
  • Folder 13: Talk - SITE Committee

Series II: NSAC

  • Folder 14: February 1980
  • Folder 15: Presentation - February 1981
  • Folder 16: 9/28/1981; 11/15-17/1981
  • Folder 17: Long-range Plan Workshop - July 1983
  • Folder 18: NSAC
Box 2
  • Folder 1: Unlabeled

Series III: C.A.C.

  • Folder 2: 1984
  • Folder 3: 1985
  • Folder 4: 1986


  • Folder 5: Site Structure
  • Folder 6: Ground Water
  • Folder 7: SREL Building for NEAL Targets
  • Folder 9: SREL Site
  • Folder 10: 16 May 1981 - SAP
Series V: Proposals
Box 3
  • Folder 1: National Workshop, 1980
  • Folder 2: Comments on MIT proposal
  • Folder 3: Argonne Info Meeting, 1981
  • Folder 4: MIT - BATES: facility Status Report and CW Linac Concept - 6 February 1981
  • Folder 5: MIT - BATES: Linac Background Notes, 28 September 1981 Meeting
  • Folder 6: "Feasibility Study of a 0.5 to 4 GeV Linac - Pulse Stretcher Electron Accelerator"; UVA, 06/1981

Series VI: Miscellany

  • Folder 7: Executive Committee and Holmgren Correspondence
  • Folder 9: Conference: "New horizons in electromagnetic physics", UVA, April 1982
  • Folder 10: CEBAF/W&M
  • Folder 11: W&M/CEBAF Transition
  • Folder 12: Verkuil - 16 August Meeting
  • Folder 13: Conference: "Future possibilities for electron accelerators", UVA, January 1979
  • Folder 14: Publication listing


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