On Target (March 1996)

Second Hall C Experiment Investigates Deuteron

1995 Year in Review

Teamwork Equals Success

Groups Utilize Lessons of Quality Institute to Benefit CEBAF

Doctor Knows Best

Chandler Maintains Busy Schedule and Healthy Lifestyle

Three-Peat for First Class Contracting

Small Business Wins Award for Third Year


Partners Around the World


Boys Included for "Take Our Daughters To Work Day"
New Hours For The Residence Facility
Copy Center Open to Service Entire Lab

Running for Life

Some Use Lunchtime to Benefit Health

Student Digs Up "Treasures" at CEBAF

Second Hall C Experiment Investigates Deuteron

With the completion of the Hall C cryotarget, a target of liquid deuterium, team leader Roy Holt and a team of 100 scientists began conducting experiment E89-012 on March 8th. It is expected to run through April 15th. The experiment's scientific impact will influence future conceptions of the structure of matter. E89-012 will investigate the deuteron, the simplest nuclear system beyond the proton, which makes up the core of a hydrogen atom. The proton is believed to be made up of three quarks. The deuteron can be viewed as being made up of a proton plus its neutral equivalent, the neutron, or the deuteron can be viewed as being made up of six quarks.

In order to investigate the deuteron's structure, E89-012 researchers will fire a high energy light beam, also known as photons, produced by CEBAF's accelerator through a liquid deuteron target. The strategy is to use the energy in the photon beam to separate the deuterons into proton and neutron components. By using a system of "quark counting rules" researchers will be able to quantify whether the deuteron was initially in a separate proton plus neutron state, or in a six quark state before the photon beam interaction.

Being the second user of the accelerator has its advantages for the E89-012 crew. Knowledge of the accelerator's efficiency performance [80 percent] and the location of "radiation soft" electronics, which would require additional shielding, were among the important lessons learned during E91-013's run.

As of March 28th, the experiment was going smoothly having just completed the set goals for the three-pass beam and research was beginning utilizing the five-pass beam. Holt holds that the success of the operation is due in large measure to the CEBAF staff who are supporting the experiment. "The fact that we are still running at all right now is a credit to the heroic efforts of all of the members of the Cryotarget Group, as well as the Hall C technical staff who put together a gas recovery system in a very short time," he says. "Just last night this gas recovery system saved us from 12 hours of down time."

Having been involved since CEBAF's beginning, Holt, a member of the Physics Department of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is no stranger to CEBAF. In 1984 he served on the Users Group Board of Directors and he served as its Chairman from 1991to 1992. For the past three years, he has served as a member of CEBAF's Program Advisory Committee.

According to Holt, the scientific community is eager to utilize CEBAF's unique capabilities to conduct experiments like E89-012. "CEBAF is the only facility with the combination of high current, high duty factor, GeV energies, and a full complement of spectrometers. It is not only ideally suited to the present experiment, but to many others which could not have been performed at any previous facility," said Holt.

Written by David Ellis, Director's Office Intern.

Teamwork Equals Success

Groups Utilize Lessons of Quality Institute to Benefit CEBAF

When Andrew Hutton first came to CEBAF three and a half years ago, his mission was to commission the accelerator. The first priority in dealing with this difficult task was to organize the separate groups into a team working towards a common goal. Hutton accomplished this by adopting the teamwork philosophy of the Virginia Peninsula Total Quality Institute (VPTQI), which also provided training help. The VPTQI is a training organization, sponsored by Thomas Nelson Community College and the Virginia Peninsula Chamber of Commerce. It is supported by a network of Peninsula-based local government agencies, educational institutions, industry, federal agencies, and military organizations including a diverse group such as Anheuser-Busch, Inc., the U.S. Air Force Air Combat Command, and CEBAF. The VPTQI is a resource for helping local organizations to continually improve. The group coordinates cost-effective training programs, connects regional organizations with related missions, and provides a forum for the participants to share their success stories regarding improvement.

"I feel strongly that as a research institution, CEBAF needs to learn management techniques from other sources. Because of the tightening budget we need to be more efficient," says Hutton who is the Chairman of the Advisory Board for VPTQI. At CEBAF, he has overseen the implementation of VPTQI's philosophy of using teams to handle specific tasks. Teams consist of members who were chosen for their abilities in relation to the team's mission. Teams have been used to handle procurement, travel, and accelerator commissioning issues. Through CEBAF's involvement in VPTQI, many of the team leaders have received free training at the Tenneco/Newport News Shipyard.

On March 13, CEBAF hosted VPTQI's 1996 Team Success Celebration for the second time. The celebration included displays and speakers from organizations involved in VPTQI. Among the speakers was U.S. Air Force Colonel Clayton Frishcorn, who is responsible for organizing 288,000 people in the Air Force's aviation maintenance program.

CEBAF was represented by a team led by staff engineer, Jeff Karn. CEBAF's team was formed to address the issue of maintaining and improving the various accelerator slow feedback systems. The beam-based feedback systems are used to stabilize the beam before it arrives on the experimental targets. Karn, a veteran of a Hall C focused team, is impressed with the team philosophy. "The philosophy works nicely, because it pulls together people of various backgrounds and establishes communication between these various areas of expertise," he says.

For the celebration, the CEBAF team, which included Hutton, Mahesh Chowdhary, Bob Legg, Paul Letta, Hamid Shoaee, and Johannes van Zeijts, produced a display outlining the team's mission, successes, and shortcomings. Also on display were components of the feedback system. Being able to work outside the traditional CEBAF group structure and gathering a multi-disciplined group to focus on a single task were counted as successes of the team philosophy. However, lack of support and conflicting priorities set by managers uninvolved in the program were among the shortcomings. "In the team structure, the good points far outweigh the bad. During the celebration we learned that many of the problems we experienced as a team were the same ones other organizations had to deal with," says Karn.

Both Karn and Hutton would like to see CEBAF become further involved in VPTQI. Karn says that the improvement ideas concerning the workplace and efficiency that are learned through this network are inspirational. Hutton says, "No matter how good we think we are, we can always become better."

Hutton is organizing a conference scheduled for September 11 and 12. The conference will focus on establishing partnerships between organizations in the area of research and development. "By sponsoring these kind of events which show a support for the community, CEBAF will grow stronger as the community returns that support," adds Hutton.

Written by David Ellis, Director's Office Intern.

Doctor Knows Best

Chandler Maintains Busy Schedule and Healthy Lifestyle

When the clock strikes five o'clock, most of us just go home to relax. But for Smitty Chandler, CEBAF's doctor, the work day does not end at five o'clock. Two nights a week he teaches classes at area colleges, maintains his private practice, and serves as Medical Director of an Occupational Medicine Program for Riverside Health System. So what does a man with so many interests like best about working at CEBAF? "The employees," says Chandler. "They are very interesting, different, and kind. Over the years we have saved a few lives and helped improve many others. That's what makes it wonderful."

Chandler came to CEBAF in 1987 as a subcontractor, and became an employee in 1990. Since his arrival, Chandler has been instrumental in shaping the CEBAF medical program. The program's focus is preventative medicine. "We regularly meet with employees for physicals and medical tests," says Chandler. "We also provide support, advice, and referrals for employees who are experiencing medical problems themselves or in their families." In addition to his medical responsibilities, Chandler serves as a consultant to many of the safety programs at CEBAF. He advises the Industrial Hygiene program on noise exposure and chemical hazard issues. He works with the Environmental Health and Safety office on controlling workers' compensation loss and on decreasing costs by preventing accidents. He also advises the Human Resources and Services office on how to accommodate employees with disabilities.

Chandler is accustomed to his busy schedule. He has spent more than 30 years of his life pursuing education. The Alabama native received his Bachelor's degree from Birmingham Southern College. He received his first Master's in human genetics and his Medical degrees from the University of Alabama. He received his second Master's degree in Occupational and Environmental Health from the Medical College of Virginia.

After graduating with an undergraduate degree in Biology, Chandler worked at a medical genetics lab where he focused on the prevention of birth defects. Chandler's work at the genetics lab inspired him to pursue a degree in medicine. He simultaneously pursued a Medical degree and Master's in human genetics. He continued working at the genetics lab but found that he didn't like certain practical aspects of the field. "I gave up genetics because it involved a lot of politics and time spent raising funds," says Chandler. "I was missing out on doing actual genetics work."

At that point in his life, Chandler decided to shift his focus to occupational medicine. Occupational medicine is the practice of protecting people from work related injuries and promoting a healthful lifestyle. Chandler says occupational medicine's main focus is on prevention of illnesses and injuries. "What I like about occupational medicine is its focus on prevention. At CEBAF, I get the chance to work with employees in preventing medical problems before they occur," says Chandler.

Despite his busy schedule, Chandler finds time to maintain his physical and mental health through exercise. He follows a strict rule relating to exercise. "I will expend at least 2000 calories of energy in aerobic activity a week," says Chandler. To do this, he enjoys biking, running, and exercising outdoors or at a local fitness center. He advises others to be consistent with their exercise. For people just beginning to exercise, Chandler says, "Be aware that the hardest part of wellness is change. If the change is gradual, exercise can be enjoyable. If you are making improvements but not having fun, you are making the change too fast."

Written by Rebecca James, Director's Office Intern.

Three-peat for First Class Contracting

Small Business Wins Award for Third Year

Contractor with the FY95 Small Disadvantaged Business Contractor Award. Hudgins received the award after completing more than 80 small projects at CEBAF last year on time, under budget, and to the highest standard of quality. Hudgins' business performs a variety of jobs at CEBAF. He can been seen on site patching water leaks in the tunnel, regluing carpeting, remodeling bathrooms, building partitions, and many other tasks. "He is really a jack-of-all-trades," says Chuck Klee of Plant Engineering. This is the third year that Hudgins has won the award. Tom Dunn, Director of Plant Engineering says "what sets Butch apart and makes him a valuable asset is he works well within the CEBAF environment." Dunn adds that the jobs Hudgins performs are not glamorous but that he does them well and is reliable.

The Small Disadvantaged Business Program was originated in FY90 by the Procurement Department to recognize exceptional performance by a minority contractor at CEBAF. The program began with 28 minority vendors and has grown to 139 in FY95 generating 12 percent of the procurement dollars.

The award selection is determined by the Small Business Advocacy Team composed of 13 CEBAF staff members from several divisions. The Team informs CEBAF staff about the Small Disadvantaged Business Program and chooses the yearly winner. The Advocacy Team members are Pete Belda, Dick Brazzale, Bob Bennett, Henry Robinson, Tim Reid, Keith Jonak, Jack Segal, Steve Christo, Doug Tilles, Deborah Hyman, Janet Tyler, Julie Oyer, and Bob Rice.

CEBAF Director Hermann Grunder presented Hudgins with the award at a ceremony held in his honor. Grunder said he was not surprised that Hudgins won the award for the third time. "He is doing work day, night, Saturday, and Sunday. I hear a lot of good things about Butch," said Grunder.

Hudgins recently expanded his business from four full-time employees to eight, and he now works in the residential sector, as well as the government sector. "People ask me if I ever get any rest. If I got it I wouldn't know what to do with it," says Hudgins.

Written by Rebecca James, Director's Office Intern.


CEBAF staff was treated to a festival of music on March 20, 1996 by Poteshky, the Children's Russian Youth Folk Group from Kaliningrad. During their first trip to the United States, the group of children, ages 6 to 15, performed a 15-minute program for CEBAF staff demonstrating the richness of Russian folk music. They gave a longer performance at 7:30 p.m. in CEBAF Center.

Partners Around the World

CEBAF could be considered the United Nations of the scientific community. Physicists and science-related organizations from all over the world have come here to lend their expertise to the design and construction of the laboratory and also to conduct research. In many cases representatives from countries, such as Armenia and France, have formed partnerships with CEBAF in an effort to keep an open line of communication on which ideas and information can be shared.

Due to sweeping changes in their country, Armenian physicists were among the first in the international scientific community to express an interest in working with CEBAF. In this partnership, the Armenians found a means of being involved in both the design and construction of experimental equipment, while contributing to the physics program.

"For us it was obvious when we heard about the idea of CEBAF in the mid-80's that this would be a great opportunity for us and our research. The accelerator here is very distinguished in that there will not be a better machine like it in the near future," says Yuri Sharabian, a senior staff scientist from the Yerevan Physics Institute who has worked at CEBAF for four years. Physicists from Armenia are currently involved with work in all three experimental halls. In Hall B, for example, they are successfully working on the electromagnetic shower calorimeter project which is one of the main components of the CLAS spectrometer. The calorimeters will be used to detect electrons, photons, and neutrons.

CEBAF recently signed a memorandum of understanding with a number of French institutions for a five-year collaboration involving both experimental physics and theory. According to the agreement, French workers will be involved in conception, research and development, prototyping, final design, construction and testing of equipment for use in CEBAF's experimental halls. Equipment such as the gas Cerenkov counter for the Hall A high resolution spectrometer have already been completed and installed. Other projects involving the French include a recently completed low power cryogenic target for the Hall B large acceptance spectrometer and software development for trigger and data acquisition in the Hall B drift chamber.

Serge Plattard and Dominique Martin-Rovet, the French consul and attaché for Science and Technology, visited CEBAF in February to tour the facility and discuss the planned experiments with French scientists in residence. The tour and discussions covered all three experimental halls and allowed French physicists at CEBAF to explain their work to the government representatives. The French contribution may total more than 15 million Francs (or roughly $3,000,000 American dollars) in capital investment during the five-year time frame of the collaboration. Pierre Bertin, French physicist and recent resident, echoes Sharabian's sentiment towards CEBAF. "While we are waiting for a new accelerator to be built in Europe, we need to be at CEBAF, because CEBAF is the best at this time," he says. Bertin also believes that physics research needs to remain an international endeavor.

The many partnerships that CEBAF has formed with various organizations is the key to its future success. These partnerships are a win/win solution for all parties involved. In this case, CEBAF benefits from the support and expertise of its foreign scientific partners, while the scientists gain access to one of the world's leading nuclear physics research laboratories.

International Collaborators:

Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (Russia)
Chungnam National University (Korea)
Institute des Sciences Nucleaires (France)
Institute de Physique Nucleaire (France)
Institute for Experimental and Theoretical Physics (Russia)
Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nuclear
 (Frascati, Italy)
Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nuclear (Lecce, Italy)
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russia)
Kharkov Institute (Ukrane)
Kharkov State University (Ukrane)
National Institute for Nuclear and High
 Energy Physics (The Netherlands)
Racah Institute of Physics (Israel)
Rijks University (The Netherlands)
Rudjer Boskovic Institute (Croatia)
Shizuoka University (Japan)
Tohuku University (Japan)
Universitaet Giessen (Germany)
Universitaet Mainz (Germany)
Universitaet Bonn (Germany)
Universitat Blaise Pascal (France)
Universite de Clermont Ferrand (France)
Universite de Roma II (Italy)
University of Adelaide (Australia)
University of Basel (Switzerland)
University of British Columbia (Canada)
University of Bucharest (Romania)
University of Pisa (Italy)
University of Regina (Canada)
University of Sao Paulo (Brazil)
University of Saskatchewan (Canada)
University of Tel-Aviv (Israel)
University of Utrecht (The Netherlands)
Yeravan Physics Institute (Armenia)

Written by David Ellis, Director's Office Intern.


Boys Included For "Take Our Daughters To Work Day"

April 25, 1996 has been designated as the third annual "Take Our Daughters to Work Day." The purpose of this special day is to bring girls ranging in age from nine to 15 into the workplace. This year, CEBAF will open the day to boys too. For the laboratory, it is an opportunity to show children the scientific research being done here and to promote the career opportunities that are available to women in the field of science. The day will include tours of the facility, hands-on activities, and guest speakers. Time will also be given for each child to shadow a sponsor in order to learn about the sponsor's job. The day is designed to encourage girls and boys in their future career choices.

Last year, 55 girls participated and the hope is that more will join in this year. Volunteers are needed to help lead tours, coordinate activities, and to serve as guest speakers.

For more information concerning "Take Our Daughters to Work Day," contact Julie Leverenz at ext. 7642 or e-mail at leverenz@ jlab.org.

New Hours For The Residence Facility

As of Monday, April 1, 1996, the SURA/CEBAF Residence Facility began operating under new hours from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. The change is due to an effort to conserve resources, since the facility has only maintained a less than half full capacity for the first six months of the fiscal years. The Residence Facility is open to all guests connected to SURA and CEBAF, including users, collaborators, vendors, SURA-member university staff-members, and private guests and family of CEBAF staff.

Office hours can be extended by request for seminars or individuals who wish to check out early in the morning. For more information please call Tina Evans at ext. 7460 or Julie Leverenz at ext. 7642.

Coming soon will be the Residence Facility homepage on the Internet. The site will provide information concerning room availability and will allow for on-line reservations.

Copy Center Open to Service Entire Lab

Now available at CEBAF is a central copy center located in CEBAF Center. The copy center is manned by two full-time employees from Norfolk Legal Copies (NLC) who can do any type of copying needed. The copy center is located in Room L203A and is open from 7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Monday - Friday. Courier service is also available. The copy center provides several levels of service to CEBAF employees. They provide self-serve convenience copiers located throughout the site. They also provide pickup and delivery service twice daily beginning at 10:00 a.m and 2:00 p.m.

When you have documents that need to be copied, place them in a red NLC envelope and attach a job ticket to the outside of the envelope. Specify your department name, section, designated pickup/delivery point, and binding instructions.

A courier will collect these envelopes twice daily from designated points within your work area. Copies will be made and returned by the requested time. If you have questions contact the Copy Center at ext. 7666.

Running for Life

Some Use Lunchtime to Benefit Health

The clock strikes 12 p.m. It's unch time! Minds are filled with thoughts of where and what to eat. As most people are driving off to lunch, however, others are pulling on their running shoes. Some CEBAF staff members choose to skip lunch in favor of stress-relieving exercise. Joe Mitchell, Staff Scientist in the Physics Division, runs at least three times a week during his lunch hour. He runs an average of six miles around CEBAF and into Oyster Point Industrial Park. Mitchell became interested in running when he was a post-doctoral student in Holland. "It was a convenient way to get some exercise," he says.

Mitchell enjoys running during his lunch hour because of its convenience. "When you are working long hours, running is very convenient. All you need is a pair of shoes," says Mitchell. "I also feel like it makes me a notably kinder person when I run."

Mitchell tells people who are interested in running to realize that it takes a long time to enjoy the exercise. He had to work his way up to six miles and now runs in several marathons. He also enjoys mountain biking, road biking, and rollerblading.

Walking is Susan Stanley's favorite exercise. Stanley, a Drift Chamber Fabricator in the Physics Division, walks two miles each day and runs a mile during her lunch hour. She began exercising at the urging of the CEBAF doctor as a way to keep her cholesterol under control. "My Mom and Dad died of heart attacks, and Dr. Chandler said I had inherited their bad cholesterol," says Stanley. "He suggested that I get some form of exercise."

Walking and running have a positive effect on Stanley's life. "It keeps my stress down, I eat better, I sleep better, and I look better which increases my self-esteem," says Stanley. Stanley's job requires her to do a lot of standing. "You really have to be physically fit to stand in one spot for six to eight hours," says Stanley.

Stanley also keeps her cholesterol under control by watching what she eats. She watches her daily fat intake and never uses butter or salt. Stanley is happy with the results and says that she feels healthier now than she ever has in her life.

George Neil of the FEL Group in the Accelerator Division says running is the only athletic thing he has done in his life. He enjoys running because of the effect it has on his health and diet. "My cholesterol has fallen and my blood pressure is lower. I can also eat anything I want," says Neil. "I do eat a balanced diet, but if I want dessert or an extra helping of something, I can have it."

Neil runs five miles four times a week during his lunch hour. He got into running three years ago in an effort to reduce his stress level. Neil says he is kinder, gentler, and calmer since he began running. Running also keeps him from falling asleep in meetings after lunch time. "It makes me alert. My blood flows and wakes me up," says Neil.

For people who are interested in running, Neil suggests they begin with a group of people who are also just getting started. "They will pull you along and won't let you slack off," says Neil.

Written by Rebecca James, Director's Office Intern.

Student Digs Up "Treasures" at CEBAF

Student intern Steve Geiger recently went on a treasure hunt at CEBAF-inside one of our trash dumpsters. He then showed off a number of his new-found "treasures" at a meeting of the CEBAF Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention (WM&PP) team. What he found made made everyone sit up and take notice, and caused more than a few mouths to drop. During his quick scavenging trip, Geiger, an ODU environmental health major working with our EH&S Reporting staff, found a number of items that should have been recycled or reclaimed for further use.

He found a large roll of masking tape and apparently unused office supplies. He also came across metal scraps, wooden pallets, aluminum (soda) cans, cardboard boxes, newspapers, fluorescent light bulbs, and a plastic cup lined with an unidentified black goo.

After examining Geiger's finds, WM&PP team members explained that most of this "waste" should not have gone into one of CEBAF's two, 20-ton trash dumpsters. "If we can get people to put their waste products in the correct collection bin, we could dramatically cut the volume of trash we send to the city landfill," pointed out WM&PP team member Carter Ficklen.

"Folks have been good about putting office papers, envelopes, magazines, and sticky notes into the blue recycling bins in their offices. However, we need to increase everyone's awareness level on handling other types of recyclable or reclaimable waste," WM&PP team member Skip Callis said. Usable office supplies should be turned back into secretaries, and if you need a blue recycling bin, it can be ordered through the Stockroom. Excess tools, equipment and usable materials should be turned in to Joan Campbell in Plant Engineering, for listing on the DOE excess equipment reports. This way the materials may be used by someone else. "We owe it to ourselves and the taxpayer to turn usable, surplus materials in so others may use them," he said.

Newspapers may be stacked or loosely bundled and left outside your office. Corrugated cardboard boxes should be flattened and bundled together and left outside your door, also. Be sure to mark these bundles for "RECYCLING," and place them close to the wall so they won't interfere with hallway traffic flow, or safe egress from the building. Janitorial Services will pick up these recyclables and your office paper and put them in the proper accumulation containers.

Aluminum cans may be placed in containers marked "CANS." Please don't put regular trash in these large "CAN" bins. If you see a centralized location that could use a "CAN" recycling bin, call Callis at ext. 7400. Currently, only about an eighth of the cans bought at vending machines on site make it into a designated recycling bin.

Any shops producing even small amounts of scrap metal, including pipe and coated wire should contact Joan Campbell, at ext. 7348. A General Services Administration (GSA) scrap metal dealer collects the material when called by Material Services; the money goes back into the U.S. Treasury. To have scrap metal picked up from a shop or work area, submit an Authorization of Disposal and a Work Request through Plant Services. To have wooden pallets picked up, Plant Services needs only a Work Request.

The last couple items Geiger found pose a bit more of a problem-the cup lined with an unidentified black goo and fluorescent light bulbs. Depending upon what that goo was, it might have required special handling. Many oily wastes and potentially hazardous chemical wastes require special handling and disposal. Before throwing a potentially-hazardous waste into the trash, check with an EH&S staff member or the CEBAF Hazardous Waste Coordinator, Patty Hunt, at ext. 7039. (The black goo wound up being dried paint, which can be disposed of with regular refuse.)

Fluorescent light bulbs contain mercury, which is a hazardous chemical. Burned out fluorescent light bulbs should not be thrown out with regular trash. If you have burned out fluorescent bulbs, call Plant Services at ext. 7400. Someone will pick up the bulbs and crush them with equipment designed to safely contain all bulb components.

CEBAF management and staff are concerned with reducing the amount of material we send to the landfill, and with significantly increasing our recycling to trash ratio. Both of these activities are performance objective areas in CEBAF's new performance-based contract with the Department of Energy.

Please help CEBAF become more environmentally friendly. For more information on properly handling the different types of wastes produced at CEBAF, or if you have a waste minimization or pollution prevention idea you'd like to share with the team, call EH&S Reporting Officer Linda Even, at ext. 7308.

Some reasons to recycle and reuse materials

Each ton of recycled newspapers saves:

  • 17 trees, and newsprint can be recycled five to eight times
  • 4,100 kilowatt hours, enough energy to heat the average U.S. home for six months
  • 7,000 gallons of water
  • 60 pounds of air pollutants
  • Three cubic yards of landfill space

Manufacturing with recycled paper rather than raw materials generates these savings:

  • Energy 23 - 50%
  • Water 50%
  • Trees 11%
  • Air pollution 66%
  • Water pollution 37%

Recovering the press run of a Sunday edition of the New York Times would leave 75,000 trees standing. Making a new can from recycled aluminum takes only 5% of the energy used to make one from raw materials.

Energy saved by recycling one aluminum can is enough to keep a 100 watt light bulb burning for about 3 1/2 hours.

Manufacturing with recycled aluminum rather than raw material generates these savings:

  • Energy 96%
  • Water 85%
  • Natural resources 98%
  • Air pollution 96%
  • Water pollution 91%

The energy saved by recycling one aluminum can will operate a TV for three hours. (Excerpts reprinted from DOE/AL/WMD Pollution Prevention Team fact sheet.)

Written by Debbie Magaldi, Office of Technical Performance.


Jefferson Science Associates, LLC, a joint venture of the Southeastern Universities Research Association, Inc. and PAE, manages and operates the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, or Jefferson Lab, for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science.

DOE’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, visit https://energy.gov/science.