ES&H Manual



8010 Appendix R1

Environmental Laws and Regulations



1.0            Purpose


Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act of 1986 (Title II of TSCA)

This Act provides for the establishment of regulations that address safety & health concerns for activities that involve working with or around asbestos-containing materials. (40 CFR 763, Subpart E)


Clean Air Act (CAA) and Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA)

The fundamental federal EPA legislation, including the amendments of 1990, initiating regulations concerning the control and abatement of air pollution and enhancement of air quality.  (40 CFR Subchapter C)


Clean Water Act (CWA) or Federal Water Pollution Control Act (FWPCA)

The fundamental federal EPA legislation that initiates regulations concerning the control and abatement of water pollution and preservation of surface water, groundwater, and drinking water.  (40 CFR Subchapter D)


Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA)

As amended by Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA). The legislation establishes a program to identify sites where hazardous substances have been released into the environment and ensures the cleanup of these sites. (40 CFR Subchapter J)


Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA or SARA Title III)

This act was designed to address concerns about the effect of accidental chemical releases on communities. It created a system for planning responses to emergency situations involving certain hazardous materials and for making information regarding their use and storage available to the public. (40 CFR Subchapter J)


Endangered Species Act (ESA)The ESA of 1973 provides for the designation and protection of wildlife, fish, and plants, as well as of their ecosystems, that are in danger of becoming extinct. (50 CFR Subchapter B)


Federal Facility Compliance Act (FFCA)

This act, which amends the Solid Waste Disposal Act, gave the EPA the authority to commence administrative enforcement against branches of the federal government for violation of solid or hazardous waste laws.


Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)

This act applies to the storage and use of herbicides and pesticides. The state administers this program.  (40 CFR Subchapter E)


HAZCOM (OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard)

A written hazardous communication program under OSHA that addresses hazardous chemical concerns.  (29 CFR 1910.1200)


Industrial Wastewater Discharge Regulations (IWDR)

They provide for adequate regulation of industrial wastewater discharges to assure that HRSD complies with all applicable laws and protects the sewer system.


National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA)

The basis for environmental protection in the United States and the basis for all laws enacted thereafter. These include laws pertaining to air quality, water quality, and hazardous waste.  The Act also established the Council on Environmental Quality.  (40 CFR Chapter V)


National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA)

This act governs the protection of archaeological and historical resources.


National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)

Promulgated as U.S. EPA (40 CFR 61), limits annual dose equivalent to a member of the general public to 10 mrem due to airborne release of radioactive materials.


Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHA)

This act gives the federal government authority to develop and set mandatory occupational safety and health standards that are applicable to any business.  (29 CFR 1910)


Oil Pollution Act of 1990

This act imposes strict liability for a comprehensive and expansive list of damages from an oil spill into any waters. It requires the filing of oil spill response plans.  (40 CFR 110 and 112)


Pollution Prevention Act of 1990

This Act established the National policy that pollution should be prevented or reduced at the source. If it cannot be prevented, it should be recycled and if it cannot be recycled, it should be treated properly.  Disposal or other release should be used only as a last resort with all elements handled in an environmentally safe manner.  (40 CFR Subchapter I)


Price-Anderson Amendments Act of 1988 (PAAA)

This Act, along with its 1992 amendment, was enacted to provide broad indemnification coverage for DOE contractors who have radiological-related activities.  It includes notification and reporting of non-compliances.  (10 CFR 835)


Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (Solid Waste Disposal Act or RCRA)

RCRA amended the SWDA and serves as the federal program that regulates both solid and hazardous waste management.  It is the fundamental legislation that gave EPA the authority for all matters involving solid waste.  RCRA changed the tone of the SWDA from efficiency of disposal to concern in reclamation of energy and materials from solid waste.  The Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 strengthened the RCRA regulations.  (40 CFR Subchapter I)


Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 (SDWA)

This act authorized EPA to regulate contaminants to ensure provision of a safe public water supply.  Maximum contaminant levels are set.  (40 CFR Subchapter D)


Solid Waste Disposal Act of 1965 (SWDA)

This law focused on research, demonstrations, and training for disposing of solid wastes.  It was amended by RCRA.


State Water Control Law

This law established policy to protect high quality state waters and restore all other state waters to a higher quality to enable reasonable public use; safeguard waters from pollution; prevent increases in pollution; reduce existing pollution and; promote water resource conservation and encourage water consumption reduction.  (9 VAC 25-10 et. seq.)


Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA)



Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)

This act gives the EPA authority to regulate the manufacture, use, distribution in commerce, and disposal of chemical substances.  TSCA focuses on chemicals that present an unreasonable risk of harm to human health or the environment.  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements are mandated.  (40 CFR Subchapter R)


Virginia Waste Management Act of 1984 (VWMA)

This act gives the Commonwealth of Virginia the authority to regulate waste within its borders.  The VWMA implements RCRA guidelines that are either consistent with and equivalent or more stringent than the promulgated Federal regulations.











ESH&Q Division

Bill Rainey





This document is controlled as an on line file.  It may be printed but the print copy is not a controlled document.  It is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the document is the same revision as the current on line file.  This copy was printed on 6/4/2013.