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ES&H Manual
Chapter 6150 Compressed, Liquefied, and Solidified Gas Program
Jefferson Lab has determined that working with compressed, liquefied, and solidified gases carries an unmitigated Risk Code >2. At a minimum all tasks requiring compressed, liquefied, and solidified gases are discussed with the supervisor prior to commencement. An Operational Safety Procedure (OSP) is written for work considered to be Risk Code >2 in accordance with ES&H Manual Chapter 3210 Work Planning, Control, and Authorization Process.
Purpose
Compressed, liquefied, and solidified gas(es)1 are considered chemicals by Jefferson Lab and are subject to the requirements of the ES&H Manual Chapter 6610 Chemical Hygiene Program and its associated appendices. This document, and its associated appendices, defines Jefferson Lab's additional requirements related to gas.

Jefferson Lab bases the requirements for gas(es) on applicable federal, state, and local requirements listed in ES&H Manual Chapter 2410 Appendix T1 Hazard Issues List.

Scope
This chapter does not address the additional requirements assigned to gas(es) used in experiments (see ES&H Manual Supplement Use of Flammable Gases in Physics Experiments, ES&H Manual Chapter 3120 The CEBAF Experiment Review Process and/or ES&H Manual Chapter 3130 The FEL Experiment Review Process), nor the use of manifolds and gas distribution systems.

NOTE: Transporting gas from one building or location to another, in or on a motorized vehicles, is considered a Risk Code >2 and is performed with supervisor approval and in accordance with the procedure outlined in ES&H Manual Chapter 6660 Appendix T1 Transport of Hazardous Material.

NOTE: Transporting gas from one building or location to another, in or on a motorized vehicles, is considered a Risk Code >2 and is performed with supervisor approval and in accordance with the procedure outlined in ES&H Manual Chapter 6660 Appendix T1 Transport of Hazardous Material.

If you suspect that you have been over-exposed to a gas, contact Occupational Medicine (ext 7539). Confirmed reports of gas overexposure are investigated in accordance with ES&H Manual Chapter 5200 Event Investigation and Causal Analysis Process and its associated procedures.


Table 1: Required Safety Training by Job Classification

Training Course Qualified Gas Worker
ODH Training
SAF103
X
Fire Safety Training*
SAF108
X
* For Flammable Gases


Appendices:

T1 Gas Hazard Classes and Safety Requirements
Gases are divided into hazard categories according their characteristics and likely reactions to other materials. ES&H Manual Chapter 6150 Appendix T1 Gas Hazard Categories and Safety Requirements provides the hazard categories and minimum safety requirements for gases used at Jefferson Lab.
T2 Moving Compressed, Liquefied, or Solidified Gas Cylinders from Storage to Work Area
Jefferson Lab recognizes the inherent risks of moving compressed, liquefied, or solidified gas cylinders, tanks, and dewars (cylinders) from a storage area to a work location. ES&H Manual Chapter 6150 Appendix T2 Moving Gas Cylinders from Storage to Work Area provides Jefferson Lab's minimum requirements to perform this operation. Only Qualified Gas Workers, trained in accordance with these safety requirements, are authorized to perform these process steps.
T3 Gas Cylinder Labeling
Gas cylinders used at Jefferson Lab are labeled in accordance with federal, state, and local requirements and industry standards. ES&H Manual Chapter 6150 Appendix T3 Gas Cylinder Labeling describes Jefferson Lab's minimum requirement for labeling of cylinders.


Supplemental Material:

ES&H Manual Supplement Use of Flammable Gases in Physics Experiment
The use of flammable gases used in physics experiments may present unique requirements. Special review and consideration is provided by the Physics Division Experimental ESH&Q Review Committee (E2RC) or by an independent reviewer appointed by the committee. Requirements are outlined within the ES&H Manual Supplement Use of Flammable Gases in Physics Experiments.

29 CFR 1910 Occupational Safety and Health Standards

Compressed Gas Association (CGA) See specific chapters related to the gas

Responsibilities:

Note: Management authority may be delegated at the discretion of the responsible manager.

Qualified Gas Worker
Supervisor/Subcontracting Officer's Technical Representative (SOTR)/Sponsor
  • Ensure individuals under your authority, assigned to areas where gas is used/stored, are properly trained and authorized.
  • Ensure a current hazard evaluation has been performed for gases used/stored in your inventory.
  • Ensure that a current MSDS is available for all gases in your inventory in accordance with ES&H Manual Chapter 6610 Appendix T1 Material Safety Data Sheets.
  • Routinely inspect cylinders to ensure they are undamaged, stored properly, and appropriately labeled. (Contact the Fire Protection Engineer/Industrial Hygiene for assistance.)
  • Ensure that appropriate ODH Safety Review/Risk Assessment, administrative controls, engineering controls, and emergency response procedures are in place prior to authorizing work.
   SOTR also
  • Require that subcontractors submit a Task Hazard Analysis that includes handling, storage, use, and disposal procedures including removal of cylinders/dewar after work has been completed.
  • Ensure that the subcontractor submits MSDS(s) to the MSDS Coordinator or maintains it on site in compliance with ES&H Manual Chapter 6610 Appendix T1 Material Safety Data Sheets.
Industrial Hygiene
  • Perform hazard evaluations and approve areas for specific gas use and storage, as requested.
  • Provide safety labels and signs, as required/requested.
Material Data Safety Sheet (MSDS) Coordinator
  • Perform annual gas inventories. Ensure:
    • MSDSs are available;
    • Cylinders are labeled; and
    • Proper storage is utilized.
Safety Warden
  • Check cylinders and piping systems during monthly inspections to ensure that they are un-damaged, stored properly, and appropriately labeled. (Submit a Facilities Management Work Request to rectify non-compliance.)
Document Control:
  • ISSUING AUTHORITY:   ESH&Q Division
    TECHNICAL POINT-OF-CONTACT:  Tim Minga
    APPROVAL DATE:   06/15/11
    EFFECTIVE DATE:   06/15/11
    EXPIRATION DATE:  06/15/16
    REVISION HISTORY
    Revision 1.1 - 05/20/14 - Added Required Safety Training Table.
    Revision 1 - Updated to reflect current laboratory operations.
    - Moved ES&H Manual Chapter 6152 Storage/Use of Flammable Gases and associated appendices to the ES&H Manual Supplement Use of Flammable Gases in Physics Experiments.

This document is controlled as an on-line file. It may be printed but the print copy is not a controlled document. It is the user's responsibility to ensure that the document is the same revision as the current on line file. .