Jefferson Lab > ESH&Q
Privacy and Security Notice
ES&H Manual
Chapter 6121 Machine Tools
Machine tools are inherently risky. Jefferson Lab has determined that use of a machine tool carries an unmitigated Risk Code 3. To reduce the risk to an acceptable level an Operational Safety Procedure (OSP) is written for each machine tool and read by machine operators prior to use.

Purpose
Jefferson Lab requires that machine operators be adequately trained and familiar with the safety considerations involved in the operation of machine tools. Only personnel who have completed the required training can be authorized by the Machine Shop Manager to operate machine tools. This chapter provides the training and mitigation requirements to help ensure the safe operation of Jefferson Lab's machine tools.

This program satisfies applicable federal, state, and local requirements as outlined in ES&H Manual Chapter 2410 Appendix T1 Hazard Issues List.


Scope
Jefferson Lab recognizes machine tools as:
  • Non-portable – secured for stability
  • Having a rotational motion, hydraulic, or leverage force

Technical Appendices:

T1 Safe Operation of Machine Tools
As outlined in ES&H Manual Chapter 6121 Appendix T1 Safe Operation of Machine Tools adequate training and knowledge of the safety considerations involved in the operation of machine tools are required at Jefferson Lab. Only personnel who have completed the required training can be authorized by the Machine Shop Manager to operate machine tools.

Jefferson Lab bases its Machine Tool Program on Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations and American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards. Operator's Manuals also provide valuable information and are used in preparation of OSPs and training.
Responsibilities:

Management authority may be delegated to a task qualified Jefferson Lab employee at the discretion of the responsible manager.

Everyone at Jefferson Lab
  • Avoid unauthorized entry into machine tool work areas. If you must enter, maintain a safe distance from the tools.
  • Wear appropriate eye and hearing protection and clothing. Signs indicating the minimum level of protection and dress code are posted in the machine tool work areas.
Machine Tool Operator
  • Only use a machine tool when:
    • You are trained and qualified
    • You are authorized by your supervisor
    • You are authorized by the Machine Owner / Machine Shop Supervisor / Machine Tool Granting Authority
    • You have read, signed, and agreed to abide by the most current machine tool specific work control document (OSP)
  • If you cannot abide by the OSP, you must suspend the machine tool task and contact your supervisor and the OSP owner to seek resolution in accordance with ES&H Manual Chapter 3310 Appendix T1 Operational Safety Procedure (OSP) and Temporary Operational Safety Procedure (TOSP) Instructions.
  • Use required PPE (refer to ES&H Manual Chapter 6620 Personal Protective Equipment Program and ES&H Manual Chapter 6640 Hearing Conservation) and seek assistance with hazard awareness from Industrial Hygiene.
  • NOTE: Wear appropriate clothing when operating machine tools. Do not wear jewelry, neckwear, loose clothing, long hair, or other items that can get caught in the machine.
  • Ensure that the machine tool is in working order and guards are in place and used as required for the operation performed. Do not make any temporary or makeshift repairs to machine tools.
  • Ensure that the proper tool, blade, or attachment is used for both the machine tool and material being worked on.
Machine Tool Operator Supervisor
  • Authorize individuals to use a specific machine tool for which they will be trained and qualified by the Machine Owner / Machine Shop Owner / Machine Tool Granting Authority.
  • Ensure that the individual is trained and qualified for a specific machine tool by the Machine Owner / Machine Shop Owner / Machine Tool Granting Authority.
  • Validate training and qualifying of a specific machine tool and confirm the Machine Tool Operator has signed the most current machine tool specific work control document.
  • If the individual is not granted authorization for use of a specific machine tool, contact and seek resolution with the specific Machine Shop Manager / Machine Owner / Machine Tool Granting Authority.
  • If the individual you supervise cannot abide by the OSP, the individual must suspend the machine tool task and contact her / his supervisor and the work control document owner to seek resolution in accordance with ES&H Manual Chapter 3310 Appendix T1 Operational Safety Procedure (OSP) and Temporary Operational Safety Procedure (TOSP) - Instructions.
Maintenance Personnel
  • Ensure that you are qualified and knowledgeable of the machine tool operation prior to beginning any maintenance work.
  • If it is necessary to terminate power to the machine tool use ES&H Manual Chapter 6110 Lock, Tag, Try (LTT) Program. Blocks, chocks, and other physical devices may also be required to prevent unexpected movement.
  • Refer to the Manufacturer's Operations Manual for minimum requirements and guidance.
Machine Shop Manager /Machine Tool Owner / Machine Tool Granting Authority
Associate Directors and Department Managers
Document Control:
  • ISSUING AUTHORITY:   ESH&Q Division
    TECHNICAL POINT-OF-CONTACT:  Bert Manzlak
    APPROVAL DATE:   06/22/18
    REVIEW DATE:  06/22/21
    REVISION HISTORY
    Revision 2.0 - 06/22/18 - Updated Responsibilities to align with revisions to 6121 Appendix T1 per CATS# IA-2017-05-01-07, CATS# IA-2017-05-09-01
    Revision 1.3 - 04/19/16 - Periodic Review; MSDS replaced with SDS per updated OSHA regulations.
    Revision 1.2 - 08/19/14 - Updated TPOC from N.Walker to B.Manzlak.
    Revision 1.1 - 09/28/12 - Periodic Review; clarification edits only.
    Revision 1.0 - 09/21/09 - Updated to reflect current laboratory operations.

This document is controlled as an on-line file. It may be printed but the print copy is not a controlled document. It is the user's responsibility to ensure that the document is the same revision as the current on line file. .