|Chapter 6132 Ladder and Scaffold Safety|
Jefferson Lab recognizes that working at elevation on ladders and scaffolding is a hazard issue. Employee training, routine inspections, and maintenance requirements are used to reduce the risks.
Jefferson Lab bases its safety requirements for ladders and scaffolds on the laws, regulations, and references outlined in ES&H Manual Chapter 2410 Appendix T1 Hazard Issues List.
This document addresses the following categories of ladders and scaffolding offered for use at Jefferson Lab:
Jefferson Lab requires that all ladders and scaffolding components used on its behalf be in good working order. Equipment is inspected prior to use, or daily if in continual use. Items found to be in need of repair are taken out of service until the appropriate repairs have been made; or they are removed from site if owned by a subcontractor.
Table 1: Required Ladder/Scaffold Training by Job Classification
There are two basic categories of ladders available for use at Jefferson Lab; fixed and portable. Fixed ladders are permanently attached to buildings or other structures. Portable ladders offer four distinct types: Step (self-supporting), Extension, Mobile-Ladder Stands, and Mobile-Ladder Platforms. ES&H Manual Chapter 6132 Appendix T1 Ladders provides appropriate actions for inspection, set-up, use, and storage of ladders available at Jefferson Lab.
Scaffolding is a temporary, engineered structure used to support people and material during construction or repair work. It is usually a modular system made up of metal tubing although it can be made out of other materials. The most common types of scaffolding used at Jefferson Lab are: Baker type scaffolds, tube and coupler type scaffolds, and tubular welded frame scaffolds. Other types may be used as determined by the Industrial Safety. See ES&H Manual Chapter 6123 Appendix T2 Scaffolds for Jefferson Lab's requirements for the use of this equipment.
T3 Ladder Use on Scaffold or Elevated Platform
When a scaffold or other elevated work platform height is not adequate for a worker to safely reach a work area, the preferred method for elevating the worker is to add an additional level to the structure. When this is not feasible, Jefferson Lab allows a ladder to be used on the platform but only when specific requirements are met. ES&H Manual Chapter 6132 Appendix T3 Ladder Use on Scaffold or Elevated Platform provides these requirements.
T4 Scaffold Inspection Procedure
Scaffold structures at Jefferson Lab are inspected by a trained and authorized Competent Person - Scaffold prior to first use; daily thereafter; and when there are concerns regarding repair/maintenance/use. ES&H Manual Chapter 6132 Appendix T4 Scaffold Inspection Process provides the process steps for performing initial and subsequent daily inspections; and how the findings from these inspections are communicated to Scaffold Workers and others who may be interested.
Note: Management authority may be delegated at the discretion of the responsible manager.
Competent Person - Scaffold
ES&H Liaison/Safety Wardens
Supervisor/Subcontracting Officer's Technical Representative (SOTR)/Sponsor
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